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Posted August 16, 2000

OBHIC Table

Table 1 - Injury rates per 1000 participant days and fatality rates per 1,000 participant days in wilderness treatment and selected outdoor and adolescent activity.

 

Activity

 

Injury/
1000
partic. 
days

Illness/
1000
partic. 
days

Evacuation
/1000
partic. 
days

Fatality 
per 
million 
partic. 
days

OBHIC, wilderness treatment programs for adolescents, 1998

1.12

0.53

0.92

1-2 est.

OBHIC, wilderness treatment programs for adolescents, 1999

0.60

0.50

0.80

1-2 est.

NOLS,wilderness education field programs 1995-1998
(Leemon 1999)

1.29

0.92

1.36

1.8

NOLS, 1984-1994 (Schimelpfenig 1994)

1.99

1.37

1.57

Adventure program: backpacking: 6 hrs, plus 18 hrs in camp (leemon 1998)

2.05

Adventure program: cross-country skiing (Liddle and Storck 1995)

0.91

Adventure program: canoeing (Leemon 1998)

1.54

Adventure program: downhill skiing (Liddle and Storck 1995)

3.28

High school football practice (Zemper 1998)

19.74

High school football, games (Mueller and Cantu 1998)

35.00

0.63 (1)

Alpine backcountry skiing (Colorado Dept of Public Health & Environment 1998)

1.5

Commercial white water rafting (Univ. of Colorado Business Res Division 1998)

1.8

White adolescents 15-19, all accidental causes (Nat Ctr For Injury Prevention & Control 1999a)

1.5

Adolescent drivers & occupants of motor vehicles, age 15-19 (Nat Ctr For Injury Prevention & Control 1999a)

4.5

(1) Plus .63 permanently disabling injuries, mostly paralysis.